Hero Image

Edibles Grow Sheets


  • Scientific Name
    Tropaeolum majus
  • General Information

    Nasturtiums are cool season annual that bloom spring through fall. Their peppery flower, leaf and seed are edible and a trailing branch makes a lovely addition to a flower arrangement. They can also be trained to climb up an arbor or fence.

  • When to Plant

    Seeds: Sow seed in early spring about 8 to 12 inches apart.

    Transplants: Seedlings growing in the ground do not transplant well but nursery starts do well. Plant in spring.

    Cuttings: You can grow nasturtiums from cuttings. Cut 4-inch piece of stem just below a leaf node. Roots well in water.

    Layering: Where trailing nasturtiums find the ground, they root well. Learn more about layering.

  • Planting

    Plant in full sun in cooler settings.

  • Soil Requirements

    Nasturtiums do well in average, well-drained soils.

  • Water Requirements

    Prefers moderate, consistent water. However, blooms will actually increase if the plant gets less water.

  • Fertilizing

    Avoid fertilizer, is it can result in more leaves and fewer flowers.

  • Pollination

    Bees, hummingbirds, butterflies

  • Harvesting

    Harvest leaves like lettuce. Green seeds can be harvested and pickled to be used like capers.

  • Storage

    Store leaves in refrigerator like lettuce leaves. Put flower stems in water until just before using.

  • Good Varieties for Marin

    'Alaska’ has variegated leaves and bright orange flowers, ‘Amazon Jewel’ is a great climber with firecracker blooms. ‘Peach Melba” has creamy yellow and orange blooms and ‘Empress of India’ has brilliant orange-red blossoms and blue green foliage. To add to herb borders, there are dwarf varieties which grow to around one foot tall.

  • Helpful Tips

    Nasturtiums reseed easily but are not difficult to pull out if unwanted.

  • Common Problems

    Nasturtiums do not tolerate heat well.

  • Pests- Diseases & More

    Nasturtiums are host plants for certain butterflies. When the eggs hatch, caterpillars will eat the nasturtium leaves. Nasturtiums also attract aphids.