Marin Master Gardeners
University of California
Marin Master Gardeners

Plant Guide

Helleborus x hybridus

Common Name
Christmas/Lenten Rose
CA Native
Non-native
Plant Type
Perennial
Size
12" - 20" x 24"
Flower Color
White, Mauve, Magenta, Pink, Light Green
Bloom Time
  • Spring
Leaves
Thick, Shiny, Green to Reddish-Green
Evergreen
Evergreen
Deer Resistant
Seldom Damaged
Wildlife Value
  • Bees
Growth Rate
Fast
Hardiness
Hardy
Adverse Growth Factors
None
Special Features
  • Low Maintenance
  • Showy Flowers
Water Use
  • Low
Soil pH
7.6-8.5 (alkaline)
Exposure
  • Partial Shade
  • Shade
Soil Type
Loam
Drainage
Well Drained
Description and Cultural Plant Tips

Hellebores are highly adaptable, clump-forming perennials that bloom in late winter through early spring.  Hellebores have a long history in cultivation and have been used for various medical purposes. Helleborus x hybridus was named the "2005 Perennial Plant of the Year" by the Perennial Plant Association. Once established they are quite drought tolerant , especially if given dappled afternoon shade in hot inland areas.

Although helebores will grow in a great variety of soil conditions, they perform best in a well- drained alkaline soil containing plenty of organic matter. Provide deep beds for their extensive root systems and lots of mulch for water conservation. While they survive in shade, the best location to plant hellebores is in dappled shade or morning sun/ afternoon shade. Blooms will be reduced in a deep shade situations.

Hellebores are resistant to most pests and diseases as long as they are in well-drained, well -ventilated locations. Black Spot and Black Death can occur when ventilation or drainage is not optimum.

 

 

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